Different dental treatments can help improve oral health
Orthodontics is a specialty of Dentistry, responsible for the correction of badly positioned teeth and bones in the mouth. Sometimes, badly positioned teeth and those that don’t give a correct “bite” are often difficult to keep clean and are at risk of early loss due to cavities and periodontal diseases. It also often causes acute tension in the muscles during chewing, which can cause headaches, jaws and even neck pain.
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Orthodontic treatments are not just an aesthetic issue, but interventions that provide oral health, as they facilitate your hygiene.
To find out if you would need to receive this treatment, it is best to visit the dentist or orthodontist. The specialist will make a diagnosis and open a medical history that will consist of:
Clinical examination of problems that affect the patient, such as: bite, crooked tooth, narrow palate, etc.
Plaster molds of the teeth will be made, in this way the original condition of the teeth will be evaluated and the evolution and treatment can be studied.
X-rays and photographs: they are taken to find out what the maxillary position the teeth occupy inside the mouth. It is important that the dentist knows and knows what movements will be made in it. The photographs will serve to see the evolution that will occur.
Conditions for which a specialist is needed
The following are a series of oral conditions for which it would be necessary to start orthodontic treatment:
The crowns of the upper anterior teeth almost completely cover the lower teeth.
The individual has the appearance of a “bulldog”, that is, the lower teeth extend forward and cover the upper teeth.
When biting the upper teeth do not align with the teeth of the lower jaw.
Gaps and gaps between teeth, due to the lack of parts or pieces that do not occupy the entire space, causing the teeth to tend to move.
Unlike the previous case, the teeth are very large or the mouth very small, so they tend to be very close to each other.
Most popular orthodontic models
The metallic color of the traditional appliance is impossible to hide in the tooth, in many cases they are painted white, but it is not a good measure, as the bow is changed monthly. Therefore, the best measure is to choose materials such as ceramic, sapphire or porcelain.
They are more expensive materials, but aesthetically they give better results, because their colors are much more neutral.
They are metallic, both the bow and the support itself. They are equally effective, but their metallic color stands out more in the white of the tooth.
It is the most requested model at the moment, since the material does not imply an increase in the final cost. When young patients come to the clinic with their families, they tend to opt for it, since its effectiveness and price are the most recommended.
Recently, innovative solutions have emerged that have revolutionized this methodology. It is a type of transparent orthodontics that uses dental splints called aligners, totally colorless and made to measure for each patient. This system is almost imperceptible. The part must be changed frequently to force the tooth to move.
Implants are metallic elements that are surgically placed in the jaw, under the gums, once placed in the place where the tooth was, the dentist can fix crowns or bridges fixed in this support. This action helps the patient to recover the tooth he has lost. The best decision is to go to the implant specialists, so the success of the process is guaranteed.
How do they work?
The implant merges with the jaw bone, providing stable support for artificial teeth. The prostheses and bridges placed over the implants do not slide or run in the mouth, it is a great advantage that positively favors chewing and speech.
To receive implants, it is necessary to have healthy gums and adequate bone to support the process. The patient must also make a commitment to maintain healthy structures, doing thorough oral hygiene and making regular visits to the dentist.
Implants are more expensive than other dental replacement methods, but in the long run it is worth it, thanks to the quality of life it provides to its users.